By Stephen Twinoburyo
I selected the following Ugandan stats in brief to have a look at. There are a lot more stats on the link given at the bottom that you can look at and interpret on your own.
The figures in the brackets are for Kenya for comparison
|Position in the world|
|Population growth rate||3.563% (2.588%)||2 (27)|
|Birth rate||47.55 births/1000 (35.14)||2 (34)|
|Urban populations||Approx 14% (24%)|
|Infant mortality rate||63.7 deaths/1000 (53.49)||29 (44)|
|Life expectancy||52.98 (58.82)||205 (190)|
|Education expenditure||3.3% of GDP (7%)||139 (21)|
|GDP/Capita||$1200 ($1,600)||208 (200)|
|Military expenditure||2.2 % of GDP (2.8%)||67 (51)|
Median age: 15.1 years, second to Gaza.
Labour force by occupation:
Sudan 13.47%, Kenya 8.98%, UAE 7.52%, Rwanda 7.5%, Switzerland 7.42%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 6.85%, Netherlands 5.67%, Belgium 5.66%, Germany 5.18%, Italy 4.33%
Kenya 13.9%, India 12.79%, UAE 11.16%, China 8.91%, South Africa 5.08%, France 4.6%, Japan 4.37%, US 4.07% (2009)
I find the above stats very interesting and they can gives pointers to some of the things the present or future government ought to pay attention to.
There is a need to curb population growth. Half of Uganda’s population is below 15 years of age and 98% of the population is below 66 years. What will happen when this population goes into retirement? Who will be working for them?
Most of our population is rural. Rural populations are generally poor and mainly agricultural. As the S African example shows, we don’t need a large labour force to have effective agriculture. Instead this labour force should be in the manufacturing and the services sectors.
Our life expectancy can only be improved by better health facilities and higher standards of living.
While there is universal primary education, our expenditure on education as a percentage of our GDP is very low meaning that we are giving a poor quality of education or we are providing education without facilities. Given that 50% of the population is below 15 years of age, implying they fall under UPE/USE and looking at our low GDP and high population, the expenditure per child must be extremely low. Look at the comparison with Kenya.
It is difficult to say much about the military expenditure considering what the expenditure is for. Kenya is spending more of its GDP on military but that may be because they are providing better quality for their soldiers and purchasing more sophiscated equipment. This needs more analysis but I don’t think this expenditure is alarmingly high.
I have also heard people say that our industries have grown more than Kenya but looking at the trade flows and seeing that the net flow of goods is from Kenya, this assertion is greatly disputed and indeed does not stand.
I will gather more stats and figures and we analyse them to help know our position as well as shape our direction.
These are just my thoughts and of course anybody can interpret these stats differently.
Source: CIA Fact Book